Gastroenteritis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Here are the essential things you need to know about gastroenteritis:
- What causes it?
Gastroenteritis can be caused by viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections and can also be triggered by consuming contaminated food or water. Common stomach viruses that cause gastroenteritis include norovirus, rotavirus, and adenovirus.
- What are its symptoms?
The symptoms of gastroenteritis typically include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. In severe cases, it can lead to dehydration, which can cause dizziness, confusion, and low blood pressure. If you experience such symptoms, you should go to the nearest clinic and ask to undergo diagnostic tests.
- What are its possible treatments?
Treatment for this typically involves getting enough rest, drinking fluids, and avoiding foods that may irritate the stomach. In some cases, a doctor may prescribe medication to manage symptoms or treat the underlying cause of the illness.
- How to prevent it?
The best way to prevent gastroenteritis is to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, and preparing and storing food properly. Additionally, getting vaccinated against rotavirus can help protect against gastroenteritis in young children.
- How long do the symptoms last?
The duration of gastroenteritis can vary depending on the underlying cause and the severity of the illness. In most cases, it resolves within a few days to a week, but it may take longer for some people to recover fully. It’s essential to seek comprehensive care in Livonia, Michigan, if symptoms persist or worsen.