IBS: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. It is characterized by collective symptoms that can include abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and changes in bowel habits. Unlike stomach viruses, IBS can be a chronic condition, but it does not cause permanent damage to the digestive system.

The exact cause of IBS is unknown, but it is thought to be related to problems with how the muscles in the digestive system contract and relax. Stress, diet, and certain medications can also trigger IBS symptoms in some people.

Symptoms of IBS can vary from person to person and may include:

  • Abdominal pain or cramping
  • Bloating and gas
  • Diarrhea or constipation, or both
  • Changes in bowel movements, including the frequency and consistency of stools
  • Mucus in the stool

While IBS can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life, it is not life-threatening. Treatment for IBS typically focuses on physical exams, managing symptoms, and improving quality of life. Lifestyle changes (such as stress reduction, regular exercise, and a healthy diet) can effectively manage IBS symptoms. Dietary changes may include increasing fiber intake or avoiding certain foods that trigger symptoms.

In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage specific symptoms such as diarrhea or constipation. Probiotics may also help improve gut health and reduce IBS symptoms.

If you are experiencing symptoms of IBS or other digestive conditions, it is vital to see Faith Internal Medicine & Urgent Care for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. Our comprehensive care in Livonia, Michigan, can help you manage your condition.

We also offer diagnostic tests.

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